Deutzia

Deutzia

A family of attractive flowering shrubs with elegant arching or stiff erect branches that are awash with pretty blossom in summer. Easy-to-grow but not fully hardy in colder areas of the UK.

Family: Hydrangeaceae (hydrangea)
Botanical Name: Deutzia
Common Names:

Foliage: Deciduous, simple ovate leaves.

Flowers: A profusion of open bell shaped pink or white flowers, which appear in large clusters on the tips of the stems. Single or double forms are available.

Flowering Period: Late spring or early summer.

Soil: Moisture retentive but well-drained soil (chalk, clay, sand or loam). Any pH.

Conditions: Full sun or partial shade. Best grown in a south or west-facing aspect, in a sheltered location.

Habit: Tall, bushy.

Type: Shrub.

Origin: Far East.

Hardiness: Fairly hardy in most regions of the UK (down to -5 deg C). Note: some early-flowering varieties can be damaged by late frosts.

Planting and Growing Deutzia

Plant outside in late autumn or winter. Container grown plants can be planted out at any reasonable time of year.

Grow in an open sunny position in any good, moisture retentive but well drained, fertile soil. Deutzia prefer neutral to alkaline soil. They will tollerate light shade but produce the best flowers in full sun.

The species are generally tall summer flowering shrubs, ideal for the middle or back of the shrubbery. Although, many modern dwarf cultivars are now available, suitable for patio containers or front of the border.

To create flowering hedge, plant a line of young plants spaced 12in (30cm) apart.

Taking Care of Deutzia

Water thoroughly during dry weather and do not let the soil to dry out. Mulch with organic matter in spring and apply a general fertilizer suitable for shrubs.

Pruning Deutzia

Prune after flowering each year by removing some of the old wood, which will encouraging new flowering shoots.

Pests and Diseases

Generally pest and disease free.

Propagating Deutzia

Can be propagated easily from cuttings taken in summer or from hardwood cuttings later in the year. For example, take 4in (10cm) cuttings in summer and over winter in a cold frame. Alternatively take 12in (30cm) hardwood cuttings in autumn and root directly in the ground, in a well drained sandy soil.

Popular Varieties of Deutzia

A number of very good garden hybrids and cultivars are available. Larger forms can reach up to 10ft (3m) and compact varieties can be as small as 2ft (60cm).

Deutzia chunii is a useful medium sized shrub with arching stems, bearing long bunches of white flowers in summer. Height to 5ft (1.5m).

Deutzia compacta 'Lavender Time' is a fast-growing, compact, deciduous shrub with fragrant summer flowers that fade from lilac to a pale pink, contrasting well with its dark green foliage. Height and spread to 40in (100cm). For sale at Thompson & Morgan.

Deutzia crenata 'Pride of Rochester' has graceful arching branches of dark green leaves and panicles of fragrant, star-shaped, white and pink-blushed flowers. For sale at Thompson & Morgan.

Deutzia scabra is an attractive deciduous shrub that bears blushed pink flowers from June onwards. Height to 10ft (3m). Available from Van Meuwen.

Deutzia elegantissima is a popular erect form with fragrant rose-pink flowers. Variety 'Fasciculata' has deep pink flowers.

Deutzia gracilis (Japanese Snow Flower) is a compact deciduous shrub, ideal for patio containers or at the front of a mixed or shrub border. Pure white scented flowers in late spring and early summer. Height and spread to 3ft (1m). Available from Gardening Express. Cultivar 'Nikko' has a neat, compact habit, bearing racemes of small fragrant white starry flowers from late spring onwards. Good autumn colour. For sale at Thompson & Morgan.

Deutzia purpurea 'Kalmiiflora' produces arching, open branches that are decked with oval rich green leaves in spring. The deep pink buds open to light pale, almost white-pink in May-June. For sale at Thompson & Morgan.

Deutzia pulchra produces long panicles of tiny blush-pink flowers. Height to 8ft (2.4m).

Deutzia 'Raspberry Sundae' forms a neat, rounded compact shrub. Ideal for sunny patio pots as well as borders. Lovely scented two-tone pink flowers. For sale at Thompson & Morgan.

Deutzia scabra (Fuzzy deutzia) is a deciduous form native to Japan that produces panicles of brilliant white flowers from May to July. Average height 5ft (1.5m). The strain 'Plena' produces clusters of double white flowers.

Deutzia setchuenensis var. corymbiflora is a pretty compact deciduous form that produces beautiful clusters of pretty white, star-shaped flowers in June and July. Interesting peeling bark on mature specimens. Awarded an RHS AGM for its outstanding performance. Height to 7ft (2m), spread to 5ft (1.5m). For sale at Thompson & Morgan.

Deutzia 'Tourbillon Rouge' produces arched stems and star-shaped fragrant flowers in June. Attractive peeling, orange-red bark in the autumn. Height and spread to around 7ft (2m). Available from Van Meuwen.

Deutzia x hybrida is a graceful, erect shrub. Height to 6ft (1.8m). Cultivar 'Magician' has starry pink flowers edged in-white. 'Strawberry Fields' is a new compact form with deep crimson buds opening to white flushed pink flowers. Once established it is quite easy to look after and as it does not get too big it can be grown in a large patio pot. Available from Gardening Express. The strain 'Mont Rose' is a pretty, compact form with clusters of pale pink star-shaped flowers in early summer. Awarded an RHS AGM for its excellent performance. Height and spread to 4ft (1.2m). Available from Van Meuwen.

Deutzia x rosea is a neat, compact plant that is covered by masses of flowers throughout the spring. The fresh green leaves turn a lovely copper-burgundy in the autumn. Height and spread to 3ft (90cm). Ideal as a container or patio plant. Cultivar 'Carminea' has pale pink inner petals darker on the outside. New introduction 'Yuki Cherry Blossom' is a dwarf strain that produces a profusion of bi-coloured creamy white and pink flowers, in April-June. Height and spread to 24in (60cm) or more. For sale at Thompson & Morgan. The cultivar 'Yuki Snowflake' provides a spectacular show of white flowers. Available from You Garden.