Shade tolerant hardy herbaceous perennials with yellow flowers and attractive leaves. Ideal ground cover for damp shady borders or bog gardens.
Botanical Name: Ligularia (lig-ew-lah-ree-a)
Common Names: Leopard plant, summer ragwort, goldenray, golden groundsel.
Foliage: Deciduous, attractive bold, lobed or toothed leaves.
Flowers: Spikes of daisy-like, yellow or orange flowers.
Flowering Period: Summer to early autumn.
Soil: Moist or poorly drained soil (chalk, clay, sand or loam). Acid, alkaline or neutral pH.
Conditions: Full sun or partial shade. Plant in a north, east, west or south facing aspect, in a sheltered position.
Habit: Clump forming.
Type: Herbaceous perennial.
Origin: China, Japan.
Hardiness: Hardy in the UK.
Plant at any time during the dormant season, in a moist, heavy loam. Full sun or partial shade. Shelter from strong winds. Most species thrive in boggy conditions. Suitable for waterside planting, bog garden or a shaded woodland garden.
Water well in dry weather. Lift and divide every three years.
Deadhead once flowers fade and cut back old foliage in autumn.
Slugs can be a problem with young growth.
Divide established clumps when dormant. Sow seed in autumn or spring.
Ligularia dentata is a large perennial with kidney-shaped leaves, dark olive-green suffused with purple. Bears small, golden-yellow, daisy-like flowers in July-September. Height 3-4ft (90-120cm), spread 3ft (90cm). Varieties include:
Ligularia 'The Rocket' has erect, black-stalked spikes of small yellow flowers. Height to 5ft (1.5m). For sale at Crocus.
Ligularia stenocephala is a clump forming perennial with large coarse-toothed leaves and dark purple stems. Spikes of yellow flowers in July-August. Height 5-6ft (1.5-2m), spread to 2ft (60cm).
Ligularia veitchiana is a perennial with coarse, green, almost triangular leaves. Tall spires of golden-yellow flowers appear in July-September. Height 3-6ft (1-2m), spread 2ft (60cm).