A small genus of annuals and herbaceous perennials that produce abundant airy sprays of tiny white flowers. The herbaceous forms are favoured by florists and flower arrangers as a background foil.
Family: Caryophyllaceae (pink family)
Botanical Name: Gypsophila
Common Names: Baby's breath, chalk plant
Foliage: Deciduous or semi-evergreen. Narrow, grey-green leaves.
Flowers: Large sprays of tiny blooms on branching stems, in shades of white or light pink. Single, double and semi-double forms are available.
Flowering Period: June to September.
Soil: Moist but well-drained, deep fertile soil (chalk, sand or loam). Alkaline or neutral pH. Dislikes heavy or waterlogged conditions. Ideal for dry gardens.
in full sun.
Habit: Bushy, erect.
Type: Hardy perennials and half-hardy annuals.
Origin: Europe and western Asia
Hardiness: Half-hardy (protect from frost) to fully hardy (depending on variety).
The annual forms are fast growers and if open-sown
around April should flower from June onwards.
Perennial forms are deep-rooted, long-lived
plants, that need plenty of sun and space to
Gypsophila can be grown in an east, west or south facing aspect, in an exposed or sheltered possition. Best on free-draining soil. They prefer lime or chalk, but will thrive in most good soils that are not acidic. Ideal for dry gardens.
A good gap filler in the border, it is suitable for mixed flower beds, borders, pots and containers. Ideal for cottage gardens, rockeries and gravel gardens. They can be used to great impact if grown in drifts.
Alpine and miniature forms are useful for the rock garden, troughs or edging borders. They are particularly attractive when allowed to cascade down a steep bank or dry wall.
Tall varieties are excellent for cut flowers and flower arrangements.
Support taller plants in windy situations with thin twiggy sticks as they grow. Feed every few weeks with a general liquid fertilizer.
Protect perennial forms from winter wet.
Cutting down the flower stems after flowering will often produce a second flush of flowers in late autumn.
Prone to stem rot in wet conditions. Generally disease free.
Sow seeds of annual species where
to flower in April or September.
Take basal cuttings of perennials.
Mat forming alpines can be divided in March.
Available in the UK as annuals, herbaceous perennials and rockery plants.
Gypsophila elegans is
an excellent annual for the border, producing a delicate
mass of tiny blooms and foliage from early summer.
Available in white or pink forms. Height to 18in (45cm). Good
cultivars include 'Covent Garden' Available from Thompson & Morgan.
Gypsophila muralis is a
good annual form, producing compact mounds, covered
with semi to fully-double pink flowers in summer. Good
for hanging baskets and containers. Height: 8-10in
(20-25cm), spread: 2in (50cm). Good
cultivars include 'Gypsy' Available
from Thompson & Morgan.
Gypsophila paniculata is a popular border perennial loved for its billowing clouds of tiny blooms. Flowers all summer long. Height to 3ft (90cm). Available from Thompson & Morgan. Good cultivars include 'Bristol Fairy' with fully double, white flowers and 'Rosy Veil' with double, soft pink flowers.
Gypsophila cerastioides (Mouse
Eared Gypsophila) is a tough, drought resistant, dwarf
Perennial. It produces delicate mounds of green-grey,
hairy leaves, covered with masses of white flowers
from spring to summer. Height: 2in (5cm), Spread: 6in
(15cm). Available from Thompson & Morgan.
Gypsophila repens is the most popular rockery species. A prostrate mat-forming perennial with wiry stems and narrow, grey-green leaves. White to soft pink flowers appear from July to September. Ideal for trailing over rocks or down a wall. Prefers an alkaline soil. Height 4-6in (10-15cm ), spread to 2ft (60cm). The variety 'dubia' has a good spreading habit with bright pink flowers. 'Fratensis' is fine compact trailing form with a good show of pink flowers.