A large genus of evergreen or deciduous climbing and wall shrubs, grown for their attractive star-shaped tubular flowers, which are often richly fragrant. Jasmınes can either be lax bushes with arching stems or twining climbers.
Family: Oleaceae (olive)
Botanical Name: Jasminum
Common Names: Jasmine
Foliage: Evergreen or deciduous, simple pinnate leaves, on twining or arching stems.
Flowers: Star-shaped tubular flowers, followed by dark berries. Available in shades of white, pink or yellow. Often providing a delicious scent on warm evenings.
Flowering Period: Summer to autumn (J. nudiflorum winter).
Soil: Moist but well-drained soil (chalk, clay, sand or loam). Any pH.
Conditions: Full sun or partial shade. Plant in a west or south facing aspect, in a sheltered location.
Habit: Climbing (self-twining) or arching.
Type: Climber or lax arching shrub.
Origin: Caucasus, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Himalayas, Tajikistan, India, Nepal, China.
Hardiness: Frost tender to fully hardy in UK (depending on variety).
Jasmine is easy to grow and thrives in any ordinary well-drained soil. Plant in a warm, sunny and sheltered site between autumn and spring. Several varieties are hardy, down to around -14°C, while others are more tender and need frost protection.
All thrive in full sun, but will tolerate some light shade once established. The exception to the rule is the winter flowering form J. nudiflorum, which tolerates deep shade.
Grow a hardy form near a gate or doorway or under a window to appreciate the delicious scent on warm evenings.
Protect young plants from cold winds and wet winter soils. Lightly tie the shoots into supports as the plant grows.
Prune lightly once established. Thin out after flowering by removing any old tired shoots to prevent congestion.
Generally pest and disease free.
Take half-ripe cuttings in late summer or hardwood cuttings in autumn and overwinter under glass. Alternatively increase by layering.
Jasmine azoricum (Lemon Scented Jasmine) is an tender evergreen scrambling climber that bears large white star shaped flowers. Needs winter protection as it will only tolerate cold down to a few degrees. Ideal as a patio plant that can be brought indoors to a warm, sheltered position for winter. For sale at You Garden.
Jasminum beesianum (Red jasmine) is rare red flowering form, with aromatic blooms all summer. Ideal for a trellis, frame, pergola or even a tree. It can survive light frosts, but may suffer in cold winters. Supported height to 10ft (3m). For sale at Van Meuwen.
Jasminum humile (Italian jasmine or yellow jasmine) is a lax shrub with yellow, lightly scented flowers throughout the summer followed by black berries. Reasonably hardy but will need protection in harsh winters. For sale at Crocus.
Jasminum mesnyi (Japanese jasmine or primrose Jasmine), is an early spring flowering tender climbing shrub with bright yellow flowers. Not fully hardy. Plant in a protected mild spot in the garden or protect under glass. Can be cultivated as a container plant and over wintered indoors.
Jasminum nudiflorum (Winter Jasmine), is a very hardy late winter flowering shrub with bright yellow flowers and small bright green leaves on arching green stems. Good trained against a wall, even a north facing one. It has a loose, sprawling habit but can be trained as a climber if required. Supported height and spread to 10ft (3m). For sale at Van Meuwen.
Jasminum multipartitum (Starry Wild Jasmine) a fragrant evergreen Jasmine with large white fragrant starry white flowers in Summer. Not a climber but forms a neat shrub. Ideal for pots and patio containers. Provide some winter protection in cold areas. For sale at You Garden.
Jasminum officinale (Common Jasmine), it is a vigorous climber with mid-green leaves and wonderfully fragrant white flowers, from late summer into the autumn. Hardy down to around -10°C. For sale at Thompson & Morgan. Several good variegated forms are available. The cultivar 'Fiona Sunrise' is a superb scrambler with brilliant gold foliage and deliciously fragrant flowers throughout the summer. Supported height to 12ft (3.6m). For sale at Gardening Express. The strain 'Clotted Cream' is an elegant twining climber with delicate, scented cream starry flowers. Height to 6ft (80cm). For sale at Van Meuwen. The form 'Inverleith' is a very attractive cultivar, where the bronze young foliage matures to dark green as the season progresses. For sale at Thompson & Morgan.
Jasminum parkeri (dwarf jasmine) is a compact form with yellow flowers. Ideal for the rock garden. Height to 1ft (30cm).
Jasminum polyanthum (white jasmine, sweetly scented jasmine) is a tender twining form, with dark, glossy evergreen foliage and white, fragrant flowers in late spring. Best grown as a houseplant or as a conservatory specimen. Alternatively, grow in a patio container and bring indoors overwinter. RHS Award of Garden Merit (AGM). For sale at Crocus.
Jasminum x Stephanense is a vigorous twining deciduous climber that is covered in clusters of fragrant pale pink flowers in June and July. For sale at Gardening Express.