Culinary Herbs Commonly Grown in UK Gardens

Herbs are among the most satisfying and easiest of all culinary plants to grow. Herbs are not fussy plants and grow well in poor dry soils and full sun, although many will tollerate partial shade. In fact, if you want the best flavour and aroma from your herbs it is best to grow them in under-nourished well drained conditions, in the sunniest part of the garden. One of the exceptions this rule is the mint family, which grows best in moist rich soils.

Perennial and Shrubby Herbs

Bay Leaves

Laurus nobilis
Bay

Chive Flower

Allium schoenoprasum
Chives

Lemon balm

Melissa officinalis
Lemon Balm

Marjoram

Origanum vulgare
Marjoram

Mint

Mentha spp.
Mint

Oregano

Origanum
Oregano

rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis
Rosemary

Sage

Salvia officinalis
Sage

Variegated Thyme

Thymus vulgaris
Thyme


Herbs Grown as Annuals in the UK

Most annually grown herbs are easily raised from seed, such as angelica, basil, borage, coriander, dill, fennel, parsley* and summer savory. Although nursery grown plants are cheap enough and will soon spread to form large enough clumps for regular picking.

*Although parsley is a perennial, it is a short-lived plant that is best grown as an annual in the UK.

Basil Leaves

Ocimum basilicum
Basil

Borage

Borago officinalis
Borage

Coriander Leaves

Coriandrum sativum
Coriander

Dill Leaves

Anethum graveolens
Dill

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare
Fennel

parsley leaves

Petroselinum crispum
Parsley

Tarragon

Artemisia dracunculus
French tarragon