October

General Tasks

  • Finish harvesting summer crops.
  • Cut down asparagus foliage and mulch beds.
  • Cut down Jerusalem artichokes.
  • Cut down globe artichokes and detach suckers for re-planting.
  • Finish lifting root crops.
  • Plant out spring cabbage and lettuce.
  • Thin seedlings.
  • Finish earthing up celery and leeks.
  • Continue blanching endive.
  • Lift chicory roots for forcing.
  • Begin blanching endive.
  • Lift herbs for winter use.
  • Plant mint root for forcing.

Vegetable Gardening in the Autumn

What to do in Vegetable Garden in October

The basic method of composting is given this month in our Flower Gardening section, however, although most spent organic materials from the flower garden can be placed on the compost heap when it comes to vegetables there are several items that should NOT be put on the compost heap. The most important category to avoid are the remains of plants which contain soil pests, such as carrot fly and cabbage root fly and soil borne diseases such as club root of brassicas.

Any vegetation that is known, or thought, to be suffering from any of the above should be either burnt on the bonfire or put in the dustbin. If added to the compost heap, there is always the risk that the pests and diseases will survive and attack again next year. Another potential problem is weeds, which, unless the compost heap reaches a high enough temperature, can still set seed.

Taking Care of Cauliflowers

Although there is little risk of a severe frost this early in the autumn in the Midlands and south, northern gardeners are less fortunate. If you live is an area susceptible to early frost, bend or break an outside leaf and lay it over any semi-mature or mature curds to keep the frost off. Most modem varieties have a self protecting habit, so it is always best to grow them where early frosts are common. Australian varieties, such as 'Barrier Reef' and 'Brisbane', are especially good in this respect.

Potatoes and Root Vegetables

Lift main crop potatoes by the middle of the month. Dig them up carefully, lay them out to dry, and store them in bags in a cold, dark, frost-free place. One important point with all root crops is that when lifting them you must be very careful not to stick the fork through them. Any damaged ones should be used up quickly or they will rot.

What Vegetable Seeds to Sow in October

A final sowing of lettuce can be made in frames in the first half of the month to give a supply in the spring. Choose a hardy variety, such as 'Valdor' or 'Plus'.

What Vegetables to Plant in October

Spring cabbage plants should be planted out in their final positions as soon as possible, if not already done. If left any later, they may fail to make good plants by the onset of winter.

Next page >> What to do in the Fruit Garden in October >>

Vegetables in Season

beet

Beetroot

brussel sprouts

Brussel sprouts

carrots

Carrots

Cauliflower

Cauliflowers

Celeriac

celery

Celery

chard

Chard

Courgettes

Courgettes, marrows & cucumbers

green beans

French green beans

Leeks

Leeks

Parsnips

Parsnips

potatoes

Potatoes

bell peppers

Peppers

Runner beans

Runner beans

Salsify & scorzonera

Spinach beet

Spinach

Swedes (yellow turnips)

Tomatoes

Tomatoes

Turnips

Turnips